The Walker Cup Match began in the wake of World War I with a view toward stimulating golf interest on both sides of the Atlantic. The match grew in part out of two international matches between the United States and Canada, in 1919 and 1920.
Meanwhile, the USGA Executive Committee had been invited to Great Britain for a series of meetings with the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews Rules Committee. The meeting was to look at modifying various rules of the game. Upon the Executive Committee's return to the United States, international team matches were discussed. Among the participants was George Herbert Walker, USGA President in 1920, a low handicap player and a keen advocate of the game. The idea so appealed to Walker that he soon presented a competition plan and donated a trophy, which the press dubbed the "Walker Cup".
In 1921, the USGA invited all golfing nations to send teams to the USA to compete for the Cup, but no country was able to accept that year. The Americans persevered however, and William C. Fownes, the 1910 U.S. Amateur champion, who had twice assembled the amateur teams that played against Canada, rounded up a team in the spring of 1921 and brought it to Hoylake, England.
At Royal Liverpool, the American team defeated a British team, 9 and 3, in an informal match the day before the British Amateur Championship, considered at the time by British and American amateurs to be the greatest amateur championship prize.
The 1921 USA team